Motor Vehicle No-Fault Law in New York

Written by
Abraham Jaros
Updated on Sunday, Nov 12, 2023

If you are injured in an automobile accident, you have two different sets of rights: (1) you have the right to receive no-fault payments; and (2) a separate right to sue for pain and suffering if you have a serious or permanent injury. This article will deal with your No-Fault rights.

By law, every insurance policy in New York must provide for no-fault benefits of at least $50,000. The reason it is called “No-Fault” is because it does not matter even if you are 100% at fault when you are hurt in a car accident; it does not matter if you are the driver or passenger in an automobile, or if you are a pedestrian. So long as you are injured by a motor vehicle in New York, and so long as it is not a motorcycle and you are not drunk or on illegal drugs, you are entitled to receive No-Fault benefits.

However, there are strict requirements that you need to be aware of to obtain the No-Fault benefits. Within thirty days of being injured, you must request and submit an application to the insurance company. If you do not submit a No-Fault application within thirty days, the insurance company can disclaim and refuse to pay any benefits.

Once you submit your application to the insurance company you are entitled to have them pay your medical bills which are incurred as a result os the accident. Doctors and hospitals who treat accident victims must, by law, accept no-fault payments. Most doctors and hospitals will take an assignment so that you do not have to pay them, they will simply bill No-Fault directly. You are also entitled to have your medications paid for, as well as household help, and car services if you are unable to travel by public transportation.

You should be aware that even if you have your own medical insurance coverage, that insurance company will not pay for any treatment that you need because of your car accident.

Once you apply for No-Fault benefits, the insurance company has a right to send you to a doctor, who is selected by the insurance company, who may find that you do not need any further medical care or therapy; if so, the insurance company will then stop paying for your medical care. If that happens then your medical insurance will then start to pay your medical bills.

If you miss your appointment with a doctor selected by the insurance company that will give the insurance company an easy excuse not to pay your benefits. It is therefore very important to keep appointments with any doctors designated by the insurance company.

In addition to your medical bills, you are also entitled to receive up to $1,000 a month for your lost wages. Your employer will have to submit a form showing how much you earned and you are entitled to 80% of that amount, up to $1,000 a month.

You may apply for no-fault so long as you are injured in a car accident, even if you are not legally in the United States, and you may also be entitled to bring a claim for your pain and suffering, which is a separate claim.

If you are a passenger on a bus and there is an accident within the State of New York you are likewise entitled to receive your no-fault benefits. If you do not own a car, the no-fault benefits will be paid by the bus company’s insurance company. If you own a car, or someone you live with owns a car, you may have to submit a claim for no-fault benefits to your own insurance company.

If you are entitled to no-fault benefits and do not make a claim, your medical insurance carrier will refuse to pay on the grounds that you should have obtained your no-fault benefits.

If you are involved in a car accident while at work, you may have to apply for Workers Compensation benefits first, rather than No-Fault.

If you have any questions as to how to proceed, you should contact a knowledgeable motor vehicle accident lawyer.

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